Tubular Bells - Various - Movie Themes
Label: Indisc - DICD 3705 • Format: CD Compilation • Country: Netherlands • Genre: Electronic, Stage & Screen • Style: Downtempo, Theme
Tubular Bells is the debut studio album by English multi-instrumentalist, composer and songwriter Mike Oldfieldreleased on 25 May as the first album on Virgin Records. Oldfield, then 19 years old, played almost all the instruments on the mostly instrumental album. The album initially sold slowly, but gained worldwide attention in December when its opening theme was used for the soundtrack to the horror film The Exorcist This led to a surge in sales which increased Oldfield's profile and played an important part in the growth of the Virgin Group.
It stayed in the top ten of the UK Albums Chart for one year from Marchduring which it reached number one for one week. It peaked at number three on the US Billboardand reached the top position in Canada and Australia. The album has sold over 2. For the album's thirtieth anniversary Oldfield re-recorded Tubular Bells - Various - Movie Themes album as Tubular Bells A remastered edition was released in Its contribution to British music was recognised when Oldfield played extracts during the Summer Olympics opening ceremony in London.
Oldfield learned to play the guitar at an early age, and was playing in folk clubs with schoolfriends by the age of 12 or He formed a short-lived folk Tubular Bells - Various - Movie Themes called the Sallyangie with his sister Sally and after they broke up he became the bass player for the Whole World, a band put together by former Soft Machine member Kevin Ayers.
When the group did not have a recording session booked until midday, he would arrive at the studios early and spend Tubular Bells - Various - Movie Themes during the morning experimenting with the different instruments and learning how to play each of them. The Whole World broke up in mid and Ayers joined Gong for three months as a touring member of the band. The demos comprised three shorter melodies early versions of what would become the sections titled "Peace", "Bagpipe Guitars" and "Caveman" on the Tubular Bells version of the albumand a longer piece he had provisionally titled "Opus One".
Oldfield stated that he had been inspired to write a long instrumental piece after hearing the track Septober Energy by Centipede. Oldfield asked Newman to listen to his demos: however, these were still back in the flat in north London, so one of Louis' roadies offered to drive Oldfield to London and back to retrieve them.
Oldfield spent much of working Big Strongman - Various - Irish Folk his old bandmates from the Whole World on their solo projects,  while simultaneously trying to find a record label interested in his demos.
Oldfield approached EMICBS and various other labels, but all the companies rejected him, believing the piece to be unmarketable without vocals. Oldfield recorded "Opus One" during his one allotted week at the Manor in November Oldfield played the majority of the instruments on the album as a series of overdubswhich was an uncommon recording technique at the time. All the guitars were recorded via direct injection into the mixing desk. An actual mandolin was only used on the final track, the "Sailor's Hornpipe".
The Glorfindel box named ironically after a character in Tolkien's legendarium  was given to David Bedford at a party, who then subsequently gave it to Oldfield. Tom Newman criticised the wooden cased unit in a interview with Q magazinenoting that it rarely gave the same result twice. The short " honky tonk piano " section at on side one was included as a tribute to Oldfield's grandmother, who had played the instrument in pubs before World War II. The staff and workers at the Manor made up the "nasal choir" that accompanies it.
Vivian Stanshalla former member of the comedic rock group Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Bandwas due to use the Manor after Oldfield, and had arrived while he was in the process of recording "Opus One" he began to record his first solo album Men Tubular Bells - Various - Movie Themes Umbrellas Ahead. He suggested to Newman that he would like Stanshall to introduce the instruments in the same manner for "Opus One"'s "finale" section, and Newman agreed to the idea.
Stanshall readily agreed to be the "master of ceremonies" on the record, but Newman recalled that the job proved to be more difficult than anticipated, with Stanshall forgetting the names of the instruments and introducing them at the wrong points in the recording.
Eventually Oldfield wrote out the list of instruments in order, indicating where Stanshall should introduce them. Producing the sound that Oldfield wanted from the tubular bells proved problematic: he wanted a loud note from them but both the standard leather-covered and bare metal hammers did not produce the volume that he wanted.
In the end Newman obtained a heavier claw hammer and Oldfield used it to produce the desired sound intensity, cracking the bells in the process.
Once Part One of Tubular Bells had been recorded, Oldfield was allowed to stay on at the Manor to record additional overdubs during studio downtime. He spent Christmas and New Year at his family's home, but returned to the Manor from February to April to record the second part of his planned album.
Oldfield was not given the studio time as he had been for Part One, so Part Two was recorded over a period of three months whenever the studio was free.
Oldfield has stated that he already had Part Two mapped out and sequenced by the time he came to record it. The "caveman" section in Part Two was the only part of the album to feature a drumkit played by the Edgar Broughton Band 's drummer Steve Broughtonwhich Oldfield later said made the section "fairly normal". The section began with a backing track of bass and drums, with Oldfield overdubbing all other instruments.
The shouting sequence was developed near the end of the recording when he had practically finished recording the instruments for the section, but felt that it needed something else. Engineer Simon Heyworth recalled that Branson was getting impatient and pressuring Oldfield to deliver the album, and to include vocals on one of the tracks so that he Music Box - Mariah Carey - Music Box release it as a single.
Angered by Branson's suggestion, Oldfield replied, "You want lyrics!? I'll give you lyrics! Back at the Manor he drank half a bottle of Jameson's whiskey from the studio's cellar and demanded that Tubular Bells - Various - Movie Themes engineer take him to the studio where, intoxicated, he "screamed his brains out for 10 minutes" into a microphone, leaving him so hoarse that he couldn't speak for two weeks afterwards.
The coda at the end of Part Two, " The Sailor's Hornpipe ", was a track Oldfield had been performing since he was the bass player with the Whole World. According to the liner notes for the Boxed Tubular Bells - Various - Movie Themes compilation, this session occurred at four in the morning after Oldfield, Stanshall and producer Newman had been drinking heavily. Newman placed microphones in various rooms of the Manor and began recording, and the trio set Tubular Bells - Various - Movie Themes on an unplanned tour of the house, with Oldfield on mandolin and Newman on acoustic guitar playing the "Sailor's Hornpipe" while Stanshall gave an inebriated, improvised tour of the Manor.
A Spanish release of the box set missed out the "Sailor's Hornpipe" altogether and ended with the ambient section preceding it. The cover of Tubular Bells was created by designer and photographer Trevor Key.
In her obituary of Key for The Guardian inSue Steward, who was Virgin Records' press officer inrecalled suggesting Key as a possible candidate to create the album cover.
Steward accompanied Key to a beach on the Sussex coast to shoot the backdrop to the album cover. Key had brought with him the bones shown burning on the Tubular Bells - Various - Movie Themes on the album's back cover, but the day was bitterly cold and it took some time to set light to them. The perfectionist Key also spent several hours photographing the seascape until had a shot of the waves that he was Theme Of Queen Of Sheba - The Ritchie Family - African Queens with.
Oldfield was captivated by the finished artwork, and insisted that on the cover his name and the album title should be in small letters and in a pale orange colour chosen by Oldfield himself so as not to distract from the overall image. The "bent bell" on the cover has become the image most associated with Oldfield, appearing on the cover art of all the Tubular Bells sequel albums, and is also used as the logo of his personal music company, Oldfield Music Ltd. Tubular Bells marked the first release for the newly founded Virgin Records and was assigned the catalogue number V, although Gong 's Flying Teapot catalogue number V and the compilation Manor Live catalogue number V were released on the same date.
The back cover of the album includes We Say No! - Golem (14) - One Bullet Left humorous statement "In Glorious Stereophonic Sound: Can also be played on mono equipment at a pinch" and the tongue-in-cheek warning "This stereo record cannot be played on old tin boxes no matter what they are fitted with.
If you are in possession of such equipment please hand it into the nearest police station. Tubular Bells was re-released as a limited edition album and cassette ten years after Tubular Bells - Various - Movie Themes date of its original release. This also co-incided with the release of Oldfield's new album Crises. Press advertisements bore the date of May 23 and the years andand the album was also advertised as being sold "for the price". Some copies bore the sticker "10th Anniversary issue".
Simon Heyworth remastered the album for an HDCD release inand for a SACD release in which includes the remastered version and uses the quadrophonic mix from the Boxed compilation for the multi-channel part. Some copies were labelled as the "25th Anniversary Edition".
Inwhen Oldfield's original year deal with Virgin Records ended, the rights to the piece were returned to him   and Oldfield signed to Mercury Records.
Tubular Bells was reissued in June in a number of formats, including vinyl, 2-CD and DVD, accompanied by a series of bell-ringing events at 6pm on 6 June a reference to the Number Tubular Bells - Various - Movie Themes the Beast. All formats of the reissue included a new mix of the album Sambinha - Tenório Jr.* - Embalo by Oldfield at his home Rosina Lazzarino - Volo In Cielo / Delusione DAmore the Bahamas in Marchwhile the Deluxe Edition contained a 5.
The 2-CD version, titled The Mike Oldfield Collection —contained the whole of Tubular Bells on the first disc and a compilation of some of The Spirit Of Bureaucracy - Unknown Artist - The Spirit Of Achievement - 1976 Exxon Convention work from Ommadawn to Crises Tubular Bells - Various - Movie Themes the second disc.
Oldfield admitted that once he had finished recording Tubular Bells and it had been released, he felt he had "got it out of his system" and was reluctant to promote the record at all. However, Oldfield was nervous about performing the work live, and on the day of the concert as Branson was driving him to London he insisted that he would not go through with the concert.
Desperate to stop Oldfield pulling out, Branson offered him the Bentley car that he was driving if Oldfield would perform the concert. Steve Winwood and Robert Wyatt were also due to take part,  but Winwood pulled out as he was unable to find time to take part in the rehearsals, and Wyatt was recovering from the recent accident that had left him paralysed.
Oldfield and many of the musicians who had taken part in the Queen Elizabeth Hall concert performed Part One again later in the year for the BBC arts programme 2nd Housebut this time as a pre-recorded performance in a studio setting without an audience. The most important promotion for the record came from an unexpected source, when the introduction to Part One was chosen to feature in the film The Exorcistwhich was released in the United States in December and in European cinemas in March According to British film critic Mark Kermodethe decision to include the music was the result of pure chance — director William Friedkin had decided to scrap the original score by Lalo Schifrin and Tubular Bells - Various - Movie Themes looking for music to replace it.
Friedkin was visiting the offices of Ahmet Ertegunpresident of Atlantic Records which distributed Tubular Bells in the USand picking up a white label of the album from the selection of records in Ertegun's office, he put it on the record player and instantly decided that the music would be perfect for the movie.
Oldfield has stated that he did not want to see the film because he believed he would find it too frightening. The first single released from the album was created by the original US distributor, Atlantic Records. The single was an edit of the first three sections from Part One and was not authorised by Oldfield.
The single was released in February in the United States and Canada only, where it peaked at number seven on the U. The track also reached number 15 on the Adult Contemporary chart. In Canada the single was released as "Tubular Bells Theme from Exorcist ", peaking at number three on the RPM Top Singles chart on 18 May and was placed at number in the top singles of the year. The A-side of A Sharp Line - Barren - Brrn single was included on the reissue of Tubular Bells.
Influential British DJ John Peel was an early admirer of the record, and played it on his Top Gear radio show on Tubular Bells - Various - Movie Themes Radio 1 on 29 Mayfour days after the album's release, calling it "one of the most impressive LPs I've ever had the chance to play on the radio, really a remarkable record". Branson and Oldfield were listening to the show on Branson's houseboat, and Oldfield stated in his autobiography that Peel played the album in its entirety,  although the running order from the BBC archives and existing audio copies of the programme show that Peel played Part One only.
Peel reviewed the album for The Listener magazine the following week, describing it as "a new recording of such strength and beauty that to me it represents the first break-through into history Мама Рома - Олег Каравайчук - Эрмитаж any musician has made". Al Clark of NME said that the "veritable orgy of over-dubbing results in a remarkable piece of sustained music, never content with the purely facile yet equally disinclined towards confusing the listener".
He concluded that " Tubular Bells It is one of the most mature, vital, rich and humerous [ sic ] pieces of music to Sold The Devil (Sunshine) - Shelby Lynne - I Cant Imagine emerged from the pop idiom. This is no way body music — no sex, no violence, no ecstasy; nothing uncontrolled, nothing uncontrollable.
Ada Maappilae - Ilaiyaraaja - Sivaa Bells was released in the US in October and Paul Gambaccini wrote an enthusiastic review of the album for Rolling Stonecalling it "the most important one-shot project of " and "a debut performance of a kind we have no right to expect from anyone.
It took Mike Oldfield half a year to lay down the thousands of overdubs required for his 49 minutes of exhilarating music. I will be playing the result for many times that long. Oldfield isn't Richard Strauss or even Leonard Cohen — this The Rest Of Mine - Trace Adkins - Big Time a soundtrack because that's the level at which he operates.
In a retrospective review for AllMusic Mike DeGagne called the album "arguably the finest conglomeration of off-centered instruments concerted together to form a single, unique piece" and stated that "the most interesting and overwhelming aspect of this album is the fact that so many sounds are conjured up, yet none go unnoticed, allowing the listener a gradual submergence into each unique portion of the music. Tubular Bells is a divine excursion into the realm of new-age music.
Tubular Bells is the album most identified with Oldfield, and he has frequently returned to it in later works. The opening is also quoted directly in the song " Five Miles Out " from the album of the same nameand the song also features his "trademark" instrument, " Piltdown Man " referring to his singing like a caveman, first heard on Tubular Bells.
In Oldfield released Tubular Bellsa re-recording of the original Tubular Bells with updated digital technology and several "corrections" to what People Have The Power - Patti Smith - The Patti Smith Masters: The Collective Works saw as flaws in the album's original production.
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