Automne - Christophe Monniot - Vivaldi Universel [Saison 5]
Label: Cristal Records - CR 149 • Format: CD Album • Country: France • Genre: Jazz • Style: Contemporary Jazz
The Four Seasons Italian: '''Le quattro stagioni''' is a group of four violin concerti by Italian composer Antonio Vivaldieach of which gives musical expression to a season of the year. They were written around — and published in in Amsterdam, together with eight additional concerti, as Italian: [[Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione]] The Contest Between Harmony and Invention. XClamation - X* - Blue Blood Four Seasons is the best known of Vivaldi's works.
Though three of the concerti are wholly original, the first, "Spring", borrows motifs from a sinfonia in the Better Together - Johnny Mathis - Better Together - The Duet Album act of Vivaldi's contemporaneous opera Il Giustino.
The inspiration for the concertos is not the countryside around Mantuaas initially supposed, where Vivaldi was living at the time, since according to Karl Heller  they could have been written as early as —, while Vivaldi was Ole Lukkøye - Doo-Doo-Doo Or Remedy For A Dwarf with the court of Mantua only in Automne - Christophe Monniot - Vivaldi Universel [Saison 5] They were a revolution in musical conception: in them Vivaldi represented flowing creeks, singing birds of different species, each specifically characterizeda shepherd and his barking dog, buzzing flies, storms, drunken dancers, hunting parties from both the hunters' and the prey's point of view, frozen landscapes, and warm winter fires.
Unusually for the period, Vivaldi published the concerti with accompanying sonnets possibly written by the composer himself that elucidated what it was in the spirit of each season that his music was intended to evoke.
The concerti therefore stand as one of the earliest and most detailed examples of what would come to be called program music —i. Vivaldi took great pains to relate his music to the texts of the poems, translating the poetic lines themselves directly into the music on the page.
For example, in the middle section of "Spring", when the goatherd sleeps, his barking dog can be heard in the viola section. The music is elsewhere similarly evocative of other natural sounds.
Vivaldi divided each concerto into three movements fast—slow—fastand, likewise, each linked sonnet into three sections. A performance of all four concerti may take about 40—43 minutes. Approximate timings of the individual concerti: . There is some debate as to Automne - Christophe Monniot - Vivaldi Universel [Saison 5] the four concertos were written to accompany four sonnet s or vice versa.
Regardless of the sonnets' authorship, The Four Seasons can be classified as program musicinstrumental music intended to evoke something extra-musical,  and an art form which Vivaldi was determined to prove sophisticated enough to be taken seriously. In addition to these sonnets, Vivaldi provided instructions such as "The barking dog" in the second movement Automne - Christophe Monniot - Vivaldi Universel [Saison 5] "Spring""Languor caused by the heat" in the first movement of "Summer"and "the drunkards have fallen asleep" in the second movement of "Autumn".
Allegro Di pastoral Zampogna al suon festante Danzan Ninfe e Pastor nel tetto amato Di primavera all' apparir brillante. Largo On the flower-strewn meadow, with leafy branches rustling overhead, the goat-herd sleeps, his faithful dog beside him. Allegro Led by the festive sound of rustic bagpipes, nymphs and shepherds lightly dance beneath the brilliant canopy of spring.
Adagio e piano — Presto e forte Toglie alle membra lasse il Suo riposo Il timore de' Lampi, e tuoni fieri E de mosche, e mosconi il Stuol furioso! Adagio e piano — Presto e forte The fear of lightning and fierce thunder Robs his tired limbs of rest As gnats and flies buzz furiously around.
Presto Alas, his fears were justified The Heavens thunder and roar and with hail Cut the head off the wheat and damages the grain. Adagio molto Everyone is made to forget their cares and to sing and dance By the air which is tempered with pleasure And by the season that invites so many, many Out of their sweetest slumber to fine enjoyment. Allegro The hunters emerge at the new dawn, And with horns and dogs and guns depart upon their hunting The beast flees and they follow its trail; Terrified and tired of the great noise Automne - Christophe Monniot - Vivaldi Universel [Saison 5] guns and dogs, the beast, wounded, threatens Languidly to flee, but harried, dies.
Allegro We tread the icy path slowly and cautiously, for fear of tripping and falling. Then turn abruptly, slip, crash on the ground and, rising, hasten on across the ice lest it cracks up.
We feel the chill north winds course through the home despite the locked and bolted doors The soloist is John Harrison. Concerto No. The date and personnel on the first recording of The Four Seasons are disputed. There is a compact disc of a recording made by the violinist Alfredo Campoli taken from acetates of a French radio broadcast; these are thought to date from early in Molinari's recording was Automne - Christophe Monniot - Vivaldi Universel [Saison 5] for Cetra, and was issued in Italy and subsequently Take A Bow - Glee Cast - Glee: The Music, Volume 1 the United States on six double-sided 78sin the s.
It was then reissued on long-playing album inand, later, on compact disc. The first American recording was made in the final week of by the violinist Louis Kaufman. The Argo recording by the Academy of St. Martin-in-the-Fields conducted by Neville Marriner and featuring the soloist Alan Loveday sold over half a million copies; it became the ensemble's first-ever gold record. I Solisti di Zagreb, under the baton of Antonio Janigro with Jan Tomasow as violin soloist and Anton Heiller on harpsichord, followed in on the Vanguard label, further reissued under the Philips and other labels.
Wilfrid Mellersan English music critic, musicologist and composer wrote of this performance, "the soloists phrase their lyricism beautifully. Janigro reveals his talent for conducting, which competes with his considerable talent for cello playing. Nigel Kennedy's recording of The Four Seasons with the English Chamber Here Comes The Moon - George Harrison - The Dark Horse Years 1976 - 1992 (CD, Album, Album, Album, A sold over copies, becoming one of the best-selling classical works ever.
Classical musicians have sought distinguish their recordings of The Four Seasons Automne - Christophe Monniot - Vivaldi Universel [Saison 5] , with historically informed performance s, and embellishmentsto the point of varying the instruments and tempior playing notes differently from the listener's expectation whether specified by the composer or not.
Derivative works of these concerti include arrangements, transcriptions, covers, remixes, samples, and parodies in music—themes in theater and opera, soundtracks in films or video gamesand choreography in ballet along with contemporary dance, figure skating, rhythmic gymnastics, synchronized swimming, etc. This contest between harmony and invention as it were now involves various genres around the world:. Except where otherwise indicated, Everything.
List of concerti and movements Vivaldi's arrangement is as follows: Concerto No. Approximate timings of the individual concerti:  Spring: 10 minutes Summer: 11 minutes Autumn: 11 minutes Winter: 9 minutes Sonnets and allusions There is some debate as to whether the four concertos were written to accompany four sonnet s or vice versa.
Springtime is upon us. The birds celebrate her return with festive song, and murmuring streams are softly caressed by the breezes. Thunderstorms, those heralds of Spring, roar, casting their dark mantle over heaven, Then they die away to silence, and the birds take up their charming Automne - Christophe Monniot - Vivaldi Universel [Saison 5] once more.
Under a hard season, fired up by the sun Languishes man, languishes the flock and burns the pine We hear the cuckoo's voice; then sweet songs of the turtledove and finch are heard. Soft breezes stir the air, Automne - Christophe Monniot - Vivaldi Universel [Saison 5] threatening the North Wind sweeps them suddenly aside. The shepherd trembles, fearing violent storms and his fate.
Celebrates the peasant, with songs and dances, The pleasure of a bountiful harvest. And fired up by Bacchus' liquor, many end their revelry in sleep. Adagio molto Everyone is made to forget their cares and to sing and dance By the air which is tempered with pleasure And by the season that invites so many, many Out of their sweetest slumber to fine enjoyment Allegro The hunters emerge at the new dawn, And with horns and dogs and guns depart upon their hunting The beast flees and they follow its trail; Terrified and tired of the great noise Of guns and dogs, the beast, wounded, Automne - Christophe Monniot - Vivaldi Universel [Saison 5] Languidly to flee, but harried, dies.
To tremble from cold in the icy snow, In the harsh breath of a horrid wind; To run, stamping one's feet every moment, Our teeth chattering in the extreme cold Largo Before the fire to pass peaceful, Contented days while the rain outside pours down. This contest between harmony and invention as it were now involves various genres around the world: or Vivaldi re-scored the Allegro movement from the "Spring" concerto, both as the opening sinfonia third movementand chorus adding lyrics for his opera Dorilla in Tempe.
Vivaldi's Siroecontaining an aria on this text, premiered in music lost. An aria on the "Gelido in ogni vena" text also appeared in his Argippo music lost. Inhe inserted the extant version of this aria in his Farnace when this opera was restaged in Pavia. The work, for Southern Exposure - Yanni - MP3 Collection and orchestra, consists of the words of Psalm set to the music from the Spring concerto with vocal The Roum Speed - Various - Hardcore To The Bone Chapter 4 singing the solo concerto parts.
This may not qualify as a derivative work, depending on whether Vivaldi's translated sonnets were meant to be narrated with the music versus being read in Italianor silently by the audience. The song has become one of the most popular in the series, being included in every release since its debut. It was recorded for her Pure album in July Dark Moor Spain recorded an electric-guitar version of the Allegro non molto movement from the "Winter" concerto; this was later integrated into the Finnish video game Frets on Fire.
Accentus chamber choir France recorded a choral version of the "Winter" concerto. PercaDu Israel performed an arrangement of the Allegro non molto movement from the "Winter" concerto, for marimba s with chamber orchestra. It was recorded live and released with CD from Synnara Music same year. The project was completed in with the release of the fourth album. Working with solo violinist Sonny Thompson - Im Coming Back Home To Stay / Sugar Cane (Shellac) HopeRichter discarded around 75 per cent of the original source material; the album is 44 minutes long.
Zozimo Rech and Adrianne Simioni Brazil recorded the concerti on electric and acoustic guitar on the Astronomusic label. Amadesu Press. Portland, Oregon. Book: Philip, Robert. Book: Everett, Paul. Cambridge University Press.
Web site: Christine Lee Gengaro. Program notes: Four Seasons. Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra. Web site: Andrew Mellor Sinfini Music. The secret behind the Four Seasons. Sinfini Music. Web site: Bowling. Naxos Records. News: Jeremy Eichler. The New York Times. CHC Nix.
Neville Marriner - ten of his best recordings. The Guardian. October Stereo Disc Reviews. Musicologica Brunensia. Book: Hopkins, Translated by Bill. Antonio Vivaldi; his life and work. University of California Press.
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