Loose - Therapy? - Scopophobia (DVD)
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Scopophobiascoptophobiaor ophthalmophobia is an anxiety disorder characterized by a morbid fear of being seen or stared at by others. Phobias have a long history. The concept of social phobias was referred to as long ago as B. One of the first references to scopophobia was by Hippocrates who commented on an overly-shy individual, explaining that such a person "loves darkness as light" and "thinks every man observes him.
The term "social phobia" phobie sociale was first coined in by French psychiatrist Pierre Janet. He used this term to describe patients of his who exhibited a fear of being observed as they were participating in daily activities such as talking, playing the piano or writing.
In the psychiatric journal The Alienist and Neurologistdescribed scopophobia: . Then, there Loose - Therapy? - Scopophobia (DVD) a fear of being seen and a shamefacedness, which one sees in asylums.
In minor degree, it is morbid shamefacedness, and the patient covers the face with his or her hands. In greater degree, the patient will shun the visitor and escape from his or her sight where this is possible.
Scopophobia is Back Street Kids - Black Sabbath - Technical Ecstasy often manifest among women than among men. Later in the same paper p. Scopophobia is unique among phobias in that the fear of being looked Loose - Therapy? - Scopophobia (DVD) is considered both a social phobia and a specific phobiabecause it is a specific occurrence which takes place in a social setting.
On the other hand, as with most phobias, scopophobia generally arises from a traumatic event in the person's life. With scopophobia, it is likely that Loose - Therapy? - Scopophobia (DVD) person was subjected to public ridicule as a child. Additionally, a person with scopophobia may often be the subject to public staring, possibly due to a physical disability.
Though scopophobia is a solitary disorder, many individuals with scopophobia also commonly experience other anxiety disorders. Scopophobia has been related to many other irrational fears and phobias. Specific phobias and syndromes that are similar to scopophobia include erythrophobiathe fear of blushing which is found especially in Loose - Therapy?
- Scopophobia (DVD) peopleand an epileptic 's fear of being looked at, which may itself precipitate such an attack. It is not considered indicative of other disorders, but is rather considered as a psychological problem that may be treated independently.
Sociologist Erving Goffman suggested that shying away from casual glances in the street remained one of the characteristic symptoms of psychosis in public. Another related, yet very different syndrome, scopophiliais the excessive enjoyment of looking at erotic items. Building on Freud Loose - Therapy?
- Scopophobia (DVD) concept of the eye as an erogenous zone psychoanalysts have linked scopophobia to a repressed fear of looking,  as well as to an inhibition of exhibitionism.
In some explanations, the equation of being looked at with a feeling of being criticized or despised reveals shame as a motivating force behind scopophobia. Individuals with scopophobia generally exhibit symptoms in social situations when attention is brought upon them like public speaking.
Several other triggers exist to cause social anxiety. Often scopophobia will result in symptoms common with other anxiety disorders. There are several options for treatment of scopophobia. With one option, desensitizationthe patient is stared at for a prolonged period and then describes their feelings.
The hope is that the individual will either be desensitized to being stared at or will discover the root Loose - Therapy? - Scopophobia (DVD) their scopophobia.
Exposure therapyanother treatment commonly prescribed, has five steps:. In the evaluation stage, the scopophobic individual would describe their fear to the therapist and try Shepherds, Shepherds - Gian-Carlo Menotti* - Chorus Of The Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, Orchest find out when and why this fear developed.
The feedback stage is when the therapist offers a way of treating the phobia. A fear hierarchy is Loose - Therapy? - Scopophobia (DVD) developed, where the individual creates a list of scenarios involving their fear, with each one becoming worse and worse. Exposure involves the individual being exposed to the scenarios and situations in their fear hierarchy.
Finally, building is when the patient, comfortable with one step, moves on to the next. As with many human health problems support groups exist for scopophobic individuals. Being around other people who face the same issues can often create a more comfortable environment.
Other suggested treatments for scopophobia include hypnotherapyneuro-linguistic programming NLPand energy psychology. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the live DVD by Therapy? Gaze Generalized other Ideas of reference and delusions of reference List of phobias Social stigma Stage fright Psychosexual development. Retrieved 8 November Heckleman, Franklin S.
All About El Agua Limpia Todo - Federico Y Su Combo Latino - Vibracion & Ritmo. Archived from the original on 12 November Inoue, Neuropsychiatric Issues in Epilepsy p.??
The Free Medical Dictionary. Allen, The Fear of Looking p. Fenichel, The Psychoanalytic Theory of Neurosis p. Victorian Literature and Culture. Retrieved 6 November Wise Geek. Health Grades. Change That's Right Now. Retrieved 30 October Phobia Treatment. The Sewanee Review.
College Literature. Ohio University Press. Metal Sucks. Categories : Phobias Psychiatric diagnosis. Hidden categories: All articles lacking reliable references Articles lacking reliable references from October Namespaces Article Talk.
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