Dje Madonna Fance Chiovere - Various - Waves - I Suoni Dal Mondo
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The Madonna of the Yarnwinder Italian : Madonna dei Fusi"Madonna of the Spindles"  is a subject depicted by Leonardo da Vinci in at least one, and perhaps two paintings begun in or later.
This may have been delivered to the French court inthough scholars are divided on this point. The subject is known today from several versions of which two, called the Buccleuch Madonna and the Lansdowne Madonnaare thought to be partly by Leonardo's hand. The underdrawings of both paintings show similar experimental changes made to the composition or pentimentisuggesting that both evolved concurrently in Leonardo's workshop.
The composition shows the Virgin Mary seated in a landscape with the Christ childwho gazes at a yarnwinder used to collect spun yarn.
The yarnwinder serves both as a symbol of Mary's domesticity and as a foreshadowing of the Cross on which Christ was crucified.
The painting's dynamic composition and implied narrative was highly influential on later High Renaissance depictions of the Madonna and Child by artists such Dje Madonna Fance Chiovere - Various - Waves - I Suoni Dal Mondo Raphael and Andrea del Sarto.
The earliest reference to a painting of this subject by Leonardo is in a letter of 14 April by Fra Pietro da Novellara, the head of the Carmelites in Florenceto Isabella d'EsteMarchioness of Mantua. Leonardo had recently returned to his native city following the French invasion of Milan in ; the intervening years he had spent first in Isabella's court, during which brief stay he produced a cartoon now in the Louvre for a portrait of her, and then in Venice.
Isabella was determined to get a finished painting by Leonardo for her collection, and to that end she instructed Fra Pietro, her contact in Florence, to press Leonardo into agreeing to a commission.
Two letters of reply by Dje Madonna Fance Chiovere - Various - Waves - I Suoni Dal Mondo friar survive.
In the second, written after he had succeeded in meeting with the artist, he writes that Leonardo has become distracted by his mathematical pursuits and is busy working on a small painting for Florimond Robertet, which he goes on to describe:. The passage is valuable for being one of the few descriptions by a contemporary viewer of a work by Leonardo; it matches the composition of the Buccleuch and Lansdowne Madonnas in all respects except that there is no basket in either painting.
Scholars disagree on whether Robertet received his painting or not. It is unclear, however, why it would have left the royal collection. This is thought to 明日無き幸福、呼笑亡き明日 - DIR EN GREY - Tour16-17 From Depression To ________ [Mode Of Vulgar] (DVD) evidence that one of the prime versions of the Madonna of the Yarnwinder remained in Leonardo's possession while the other was sent to Robertet.
However, the Lansdowne Madonna could easily have been bought by its earliest known owners from a French collection in the period following the French Revolutionwhen many works with a French aristocratic provenance were bought by British collectors.
The composition of the Madonna of the Yarnwinder shows the Christ child twisting his body away from his mother's embrace, his eye caught by her yarnwinder whose spokes give it the shape of a cross; he precociously recognises it as a symbol of his destiny.
The Virgin's reaction is ambiguous, a mixture of alarm at the harm her son will come to and resigned acceptance of it. The gesture of suspense made with her right hand is repeated from Leonardo's Milanese altarpiece The Virgin of the Rocks. The use of a symbol of the Passion as an object of childish play recurs throughout Leonardo's painted oeuvreappearing for instance in the Benois Madonna and the Virgin and Child with St Anne.
The iconography therefore recalls humanity's fall, its ensuing travails and its redemption through Christ's sacrifice. As with later works by Leonardo, the figures appear in a vast unpopulated landscape. The rocky outcrop in the foreground of the Buccleuch Madonna is painted with a minute attention to geological detail. A major difference between the Buccleuch and Lansdowne Madonnas is in their background landscapes.
Whereas the background of the Buccleuch version is a watery landscape indifferently painted, that of the Lansdowne Madonna has a dramatic mountain range far more typical of Leonardo.
It has been proposed that this is a specific location in the valley of the river Addaas it runs from Lecco to Vaprioan area familiar to Pray The Roof Dont Fall - Sindacato - Appalachian Pipeline and which he mapped.
The underdrawings of both the Buccleuch and Lansdowne Madonnas show several features not in the finished works, but present in some copies; it is likely that these were originally copied from the prime versions during an early stage of the composition's development.
One such feature, which appears in both underdrawings, is a group of figures identified as Saint Dje Madonna Fance Chiovere - Various - Waves - I Suoni Dal Mondo making a baby walker for the Christ child, who appears with his mother  and another female figure, probably a midwife.
Behind these an architectural structure with an arched opening was planned. At a later stage the landscape of the Buccleuch picture seems to have had a bridge like that of the Lansdowne Madonnawhich was then painted over.
The version of this painting often regarded as the most likely to be by Leonardo is now in the Scottish National Gallery in Edinburghon loan from the Duke of Buccleuch. It hung in his ancestral home in Drumlanrig CastleDumfries and GallowayScotland, until it was stolen in It entered the Buccleuch collection inwith the marriage of the 3rd Duke to Lady Elizabeth Montagu, the heiress to a substantial collection of works assembled by her parents, the Duke and Duchess of Montagu.
In the Buccleuch Madonna was stolen from Drumlanrig Castle by two thieves posing as tourists, who said "Don't worry love, we're the police. This is just practice" to two tourists from New Zealand as they exited through a window carrying the Leonardo. The lawyer, Marshall Ronald of SkelmersdaleLancashire, was visited by two undercover policemen who posed as an art expert and an agent for the Duke.
The painting was then taken to a lawyer's office in Glasgow ;  this was raided by police officers from four anti-crime agencies during a meeting of five people. Four arrests were made, including of two solicitors from different firms. The Scotsmandescribing the Glasgow firm as "one of the country's most successful and respected law firms", quoted a source as saying their arrested member "was not involved in any criminal act, but was acting as a go-between for two parties by scrutinizing a contract which would have allowed an English firm to 'secure legal repatriation' of the painting from an unidentified party.
The 9th Duke of Buccleuch never lived to see the Madonna' s recovery as he had died unexpectedly only a month beforehand. The painting sometimes considered the second prime version of the Madonna of the Yarnwinder takes its name from the Marquesses of Lansdownewho owned it in the 19th century. They consulted Bernard Berensonthe leading connoisseur of the day, on the attribution in ; he confirmed an earlier attribution to il Sodoma but thought that Leonardo had been responsible up to the cartoon stage.
The painting was bought as a Sodoma in by Robert Wilson Reforda Canadian industrialist and shipping magnate. Nearly forty versions of the Madonna of the Yarnwinder made by pupils and followers of Leonardo survive today. Some include the figure group in the middle ground visible in the Buccleuch and Lansdowne underdrawings; others show the Dje Madonna Fance Chiovere - Various - Waves - I Suoni Dal Mondo of wool described by Fra Pietro da Novellara, though to Christ's side rather than beneath his foot.
Eight paintings, including the copy in the Louvre, show a different kind of rocky outcrop in the foreground from Dje Madonna Fance Chiovere - Various - Waves - I Suoni Dal Mondo in the prime versions; many of these are probably by Lombard Leonardeschi. Media related to Madonna of the Yarnwinder at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 7 November National Gallery of Scotland". The Burlington Magazine.
The Guardian. Retrieved 27 December Same Old Wine - Kenny Loggins With Jim Messina* - Sittin In The Telegraph. Retrieved 11 February The Scotsman. BBC News. Retrieved 12 April Web Gallery of Art. Retrieved 5 November Retrieved 27 January National Inventory of Continental European Paintings.
Archived from the original on 12 February December Menu, pp. Leonardo da Vinci. List of works Science and inventions Personal life. Authority control GND : Hidden categories: Pages Gavotte I And II - Bach* - Angela Hewitt - The English Suites (SACD, Album) links to subscription-only content CS1 Italian-language sources it Articles containing Italian-language text Commons category link is on Wikidata Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers.
Richard Scott, 10th Duke of Buccleuch. GND :
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