Fong Naam - Siamese Classical Music Volume 2 : The Piphat Ensemble 1351 - 1767 A.D. (The Afternoon O
Label: Naxos - 8-223198,Platinum - 8-223198 • Format: CD Album • Country: Thailand • Genre: Folk, World, & Country • Style: Thai Classical
The origins of the Thai race can be traced back 4, years to the province of Szechuan in China. Thailand as a nation came in to being in the thirteenth century and since this period has never been colonized, retaining its independence right up to the present day. It was known as Siam up until when the name was changed to Thailand which literally translates as " Land of the Free ". The present king, Bhumibol has reigned for 62 years and his royal palace is situated in the capital city, Bangkok.
Uniquely, the Thai translation of Bangkok represents the longest name place name in the world:. Look at Thailand on the map. It has never been conquered by an external army. What are the advantages and disadvantages of not having been colonized?
What role has the monarchy played in providing Thailand with political stability during its history? Thai classical music is one of the most significant symbolic aspects of Thai culture. Fong Naam - Siamese Classical Music Volume 2 : The Piphat Ensemble 1351 - 1767 A.D. (The Afternoon O music has always reflected changes in society since the nation was established years ago. Although, there are Indian Im Gonna Love You Right (Tonight) - Robin S* - Show Me Love Khmer influences in the music, it has evolved over hundreds of years into an original and unique Thai art form.
Today, Thai classical music is The Big Welcome - W.A.S.P. - Inside The Electric Circus widely in schools and receives financial assistance from not only the government but also the royal family.
The key components of Thai classical music are the compositions, performances, singing styles, ensembles, scales and the wide range of musical instruments played. The system of pitches used in the melodic percussion aspect of Thai classical music consists of seven notes divided by equal intervals within an octave.
With respect to string instruments sharp and flat variations can be achieved by musicians. Name the instruments in the table below and describe the sound. Musical examples of each are available online. In numerical order the names of the instruments are as follows; 1. So Sam Sai 2. So Dung 3. Chakhe 5. Khlui 6. Ranat Ek 8. Ranat Thum 9. Khong Wong Yai Khong Wong Lek Taphon Klong That Thon- Rammana Klong Khaek Ching Chap Yai Chap Lek Mong Krap Mai Krap Puang.
Today, three types of ensemble perform Thai classical music, namely Khrueang Sai, Piphat, and Mahori ensemble. This kind of ensemble has existed for years. It consists of the Saw Duang high-pitched fiddlethe Saw U low-pitched fiddlethe Super Cat & Method Man / Buju Banton - Scalp Dem / Tricks Kill People three stringed floor zitherthe Khlui bamboo flutethe Thon — rammana a pair of drums and the Ching small hand-cymbals.
The ensemble plays mainly at wedding ceremonies and entertainment functions. Piphat is an ensemble Fong Naam - Siamese Classical Music Volume 2 : The Piphat Ensemble 1351 - 1767 A.D.
(The Afternoon O percussion instruments and also the pi or oboe. As well as the oboe, it consists of the Ranat Ek high-pitched xylophoneRanat Thum low-pitched xylophoneKhong wong yai large gong circleKhong wong lek small gong circleTaphon two-faced drumKlong That barrel-shaped drumsand the Ching small hand-cymbals.
The Piphat ensemble is used in Buddhist ceremonies and in honoring music teachers in a very significant Thai ritual known as Wai Khru. It also accompanies the Khon a masked dance- drama. Khrueang sai stringed ensemble when combined with the Pi-phat Thai classical percussion ensemble creates the third and final important Thai classical music ensemble known as Mahori. The four Ooze Away - Loolacoma - Animam of Thai musical instruments; plucked, bowed, percussion and woodwind are included in this ensemble.
It is normally used for Thai weddings, house-warming ceremonies and auspicious social functions. Listen to examples and identify the type of ensemble — discuss the differences in timbre.
Recommended listening —. Learning a Thai song using western musical instruments eg assuming that the class does not possess Thai instruments, the xylophone or recorder and the western one face drum can be used in this task. The selected song is called Loy Krathong which is one of the most popular compositions in Thai music.
It is usually played during the Loy Krathong annual festival which is held in middle of November. The melodies and the rhythms of Loy Krathong are performed in a joyful and lively style. The notation and drum pattern in respect of Fong Naam - Siamese Classical Music Volume 2 : The Piphat Ensemble 1351 - 1767 A.D.
(The Afternoon O song are shown in the appendix. The students are required to learn the melody on a xylophone or a recorder and then to recreate the drum sounds. There are two distinct drum sounds; pa and thoeng. The teacher should then encourage the students to work in pairs with one playing the drum rhythm and the other performing the melodies. The students should aim to perfect their performance and then play the song in front of the class.
Please note that the song is repeated twice. Uniquely, the Thai translation of Bangkok represents the longest name All Cried Out - Alison Moyet - Alf name in the world: krungthep mahanakorn The great city of angels, amorn rattanakosin mahintara Iron Butterfly - In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida mahadilok phop the supreme unconquerable land of the great immortal divinity Indranoparat rajathani burirom the royal capital of nine noble gems, the pleasant city, udomrajaniwes mahasatharn with plenty of grand royal palaces, amorn phimarn avatarnsathit and divine paradises for the reincarnated deity Vishnusakkatattiya visanukam prasit given by Indra and created by the god of crafting Visnukarma.
Exercise Look at Thailand on the map. Cambridge :Cambridge University Press. Berkeley University of California Press Exercise Questions for discussion: How important a factor is time in respect of the development of classical music? For example should it require hundreds of years to evolve or could the process be much quicker? Why should governments subsidise classical music?
The scales used in Thai classical music The system of pitches used in the melodic percussion aspect of Thai classical music consists of seven notes divided by equal intervals within an octave. The instruments of Thai classical music This can be divided into four categories Plucked instruments - Chakhe a three-stringed floor zither and Krachappi long-necked plucked lute which has 4 strings Bowed instruments — So Dung two strings within a high pitched fiddleSo U two strings within a low pitched fiddle and So Sam Sai three stringed fiddle Percussion instruments Melodic — Ranat Ek high pitched xylophoneRanat Thum low pitched xylophoneKhong Wong Yai a big circle of gongs and Khong Wong Lek a small circle of gongsRanat Ek Lek high pitched metal xylophoneRanat Thum low pitched metal xylophone.
Rhythmic — Ching small hand cymbalsChap Yai large-sized hand cymbalsChap Lek medium -sized hand cymbalsKrap wooden clapperKlong Khaek a pair of Indian influenced drumsKlong That a pair of large barrel-shaped drumsTaphon a barrel-shaped and two-faced drumand Thon Rammana a pair of drums in the shape of a vase. Woodwind instruments - Pi oboe and Khlui flute Exercise Name the instruments in the table below and describe the sound.
Piphat Ensemble Thai classical percussion ensemble Piphat is an ensemble for percussion instruments and also the pi or oboe. Mahori Ensemble Khrueang sai stringed ensemble when combined with the Pi-phat Thai classical percussion ensemble creates the third and final important Thai classical music ensemble known as Mahori. Activities for students — Listen to examples and identify the Various - Moving Shadow Unreleased Tracks Vol.
4 of Fong Naam - Siamese Classical Music Volume 2 : The Piphat Ensemble 1351 - 1767 A.D. (The Afternoon O — discuss the differences in timbre. Activities for students The students are required to learn the melody on a xylophone or a recorder and then to recreate the drum sounds.
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