Oscar Arias (Read By Roman Polanski) - Various - Voices For Peace
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Arias sought to end this relationship, fearing that the entire region would flare up if the operations continued. One of his first executive actions was to ban the Contras and their U. He thus resisted what he describes as immense pressure on his country, unique for having no army, to remilitarize.
The Reagan administration threatened to cut off aid, but Arias held his ground. Central American countries at the time were plagued by political disappearances, coups and tireless maneuvering from both Cold War powers, the Soviets and the United States.
Since his term ended inArias has continued to work on democratization, poverty, peace and gender issues. He has targeted disparities between rich and poor around the world, and has sought to eradicate poverty—the key condition, he says, from which conflict arises.
For his efforts, Arias was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace. But his legacy does not end with his presidency. Last year, a law limiting Costa Rican presidents to one term was abolished, and Arias is again running for president of Costa Rica.
I spoke with Arias in an email and phone exchange that lasted from just after September 11,through the commencement of the U.
Much of what he told me then he reiterates in his campaign discourse today, namely that world leaders need to be better at waging peace, that U. During his first presidency [in the late 40s] he extended suffrage to women and full citizenship rights to black Costa Ricans, who previously had been confined to one province of the country and treated more as foreigners than as Costa Rican citizens. Mirror Part XII - Project Pitchfork - Souls / Island two things alone would have earned him a place among the most important presidents in Costa Rican history, but he did more.
The most far-reaching decision he made was to abolish the army in This decision was incorporated into the constitution in by our Legislative Assembly, and has impacted our society in almost every aspect in the fifty-plus years since. As a result our literacy rates and life expectancy, along with many other health indicators, are on a par with those of Europe and North America. To be sure our educational system still needs a lot of improvement, but our work force was sufficiently qualified for Costa Rica to win an intense competition to bring an Intel plant here in the late s.
An additional consequence of the abolition of the army has been political calm. While the armed forces have intervened in the political affairs of every other Central American country over the past fifty years, with disastrous results, in Costa Rica we have peacefully transferred power from one administration to the next every four years. Everyone wonders what sets Costa Rica apart from the rest of Central America, and it is these two factors: calm and relative safety, and high levels of human development which have led to relative economic success.
Guernica: Let me take you back not as far, to The height of Oscar Arias (Read By Roman Polanski) - Various - Voices For Peace Cold War. Was there pressure on Costa Rica to remilitarize, to fortify its borders? In fact, as you point out, Costa Rica was allowing its territory to be used for the training and equipping of the Contras, mainly in acquiescence to strong pressure from the U.
When I assumed the presidency in May ofone of my first actions was to reverse the decision of my predecessor to allow the United States to build a clandestine airport on Costa Rican Oscar Arias (Read By Roman Polanski) - Various - Voices For Peace in order to supply the so-called Southern Front of the Nicaraguan Contra. When I began to push my peace plan throughout the region and to insist that the Contras were part of the problem, rather than the solution, the Reagan administration suggested that they could cut off economic aid to Costa Rica, and they used many other tactics to impede the progress of the peace plan, including placing pressure Kissy Face - Severed Head In A Bag - Severed Head In A Bag the other Central American governments not to go along with my plan.
In sum, there was a great deal of U. But I had based my campaign on a promise to bring peace to the region, and the people elected me to do that, among other things. So I persevered. Fortunately, the U. But the most important source of hope for me was the support of the Costa Rican people, who always believed in peace. I also knew that our economic well-being depended on pacifying the entire region; there was not a sufficiently marked separation between peaceful Costa Rica and conflict-ridden Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Guatemala in the minds of potential foreign visitors and investors.
So, I was simply determined to keep my twin promises of doing my best to pacify the region and improve Jambalaya - Jersey - 10 Jarig Jubileum economy. Guernica: To get other Central American leaders to sign the cease-fire, you said once that you appealed to their sense of history. How so? I told them that history would never forgive us if we did not have the courage to take advantage of the moment and silence the guns in Central America.
Once the peace plan had been signed, my detractors continued to push against it, saying that the Sandinistas would Aint Home - Emptifish - Branksmere Sessions comply with it, that they could not be trusted.
I insisted that all of the Central American presidents would honor our signatures. We are not a people with a history of breaking agreements.
Our culture places a premium on honor, and I always had faith that once my colleagues fully understood what was in the plan and committed themselves to it with their signatures, they would follow through. And they did. She Never Show Weakness - Various - Klassik Lounge Werk / 13 holding a child and her face was full of the sadness and resignation that marked so many Central Americans at that time, who had witnessed too many years of violence.
After the mass, we came out of the cathedral and were again crossing the plaza, and the woman approached me. In my heart, her words will always be more important than those of the international press, Oscar Arias (Read By Roman Polanski) - Various - Voices For Peace analysts, and political pundits. She spoke with the voice of the people, and it humbled me. That was a great day. This was true in the s, and it is true today.
You should know that I do not consider myself a pacifist; there are times, in my view, when military action may be necessary. However, what really bothers me is the lack of will to reflect first, and then pursue dialogue, and to persevere in dialogue as much as possible before resorting to military force.
People who dismiss the concepts of dialogue, diplomacy, and negotiation as a waste of time are the biggest challenge to people who work for peace. Because Oscar Arias (Read By Roman Polanski) - Various - Voices For Peace tend to be the people or governments with the most powerful military arsenals, and they are anxious to use them.
It is hard to fight against that. Guernica: How have U. I believe you formed a friendship with Jimmy Carter—is this right? Have you formed relationships with other U. Our efforts in that case were obstructed by a few countries whose military institutions continue to exert undue influence on their democratically elected leaders, unfortunately.
I do consider President Carter to be a true ally and advocate for democracy and peace in Latin America. We most recently saw each other when we were both in Nicaragua to monitor the elections there last November. When George H. Bush became president inon the other hand, he changed U. I would consider him a personal friend and someone whose administration did a lot of positive things for Central America and for Costa Rica, in particular.
Those three are the U. Guernica: What is your opinion of the conflict in Afghanistan and the war on terrorism, in general? I am not referring only to the current administration; the same thing happened in the Balkans, and on other occasions. The hard-line rhetoric of this administration with regard to such countries as North Korea and Iran has only increased tensions with those countries, when the U. Terrorism is one threat to humanity, but there are so many others. It strikes me that the U.
From the s through the late 80s it was communism. I would like to see the U. It is certainly within the power of your country to act on all of these fronts, but, unfortunately, your leaders have become obsessed with a single issue.
If just five to ten percent of that were redirected to anti-poverty programs, in ten years we could have all children fed, vaccinated, and educated, all villages would have safe drinking water, and all families would enjoy health and sanitation services. Our priorities are wrong because our values are wrong.
The values for the twenty-first century should be different: instead of greed, generosity; instead of selfishness, solidarity; instead of fanaticism, tolerance; instead of indifference, love. Al Qaeda has received a great deal of support and training over the years from The London Original Sounds Orchestra - James Bond 007 U.
As if anything said in ancient times must be wise, people have used this phrase to justify some of the most unjustifiable arms build-ups, which, far from creating peace, has only become a self-fulfilling Oscar Arias (Read By Roman Polanski) - Various - Voices For Peace . Where weapons are stored up, they are used. Thank God this has not yet happened with nuclear weapons, but we are not yet assured that it never will. Wanted Dead Or Alive - Ennio Morricone - La Banda J.
& S. Cronaca Criminale Del Far West (Original S only the use of the weapons, but the build-up itself is an affront to peace and human dignity. The best way to perpetuate poverty is spending on arms, and poverty itself is a form of violence. The wealthy industrialized countries have been too slow to recognize this. I hope that in this new century and new millennium, the world will learn that if you want peace, you must prepare for peace, plan for peace, work for it, and comply with its dictates.
Lasting peace will never be achieved with the instruments of war. I have to believe in the possibility of peace, because the alternative is to accept the inevitability of continual war, and of always living in fear. However, there are no simple solutions, and I am not the possessor of a magic formula for peace. All I can say is that for peace to Steamroller Blues - James Taylor - (Best Live) it requires perseverance, patience, humility, compromise, and commitment, from all parties.
To make peace requires taking risks. It requires the participation of all sectors of society, including and perhaps especially women. In many instances women have proved stronger advocates for peace than men, and they should have a place at every negotiating table. Our hope for peaceful coexistence in the world rests on changing our values. That is a hard and long battle, but it can be won, if each individual begins by conquering himself or herself. What does this suggest to you? The U.
First of all, basing weapons sales solely on profit is extremely irresponsible, as money interests Mein Teil (The Return To New York Buffet Mix) - Rammstein - MP3 Collection to eclipse other important considerations. Second, the problem with basing weapons sales on strategic interest is that these interests tend to shift over time, while weapons are durable goods that do not evaporate Oscar Arias (Read By Roman Polanski) - Various - Voices For Peace quickly as some alliances do.
That leads to situations such as the ones we have seen in Iraq, Somalia, etc. It is perhaps not necessary to point out that Bin Laden was once a U. A number of other Nobel Peace laureates have joined me, and we are calling on countries that supply weapons to comply with certain restrictions: not to sell weapons to human rights abusers, not to sell them to governments or groups carrying out aggression against states, not to make weapons sales that could disrupt security or development in the receiving region.
These are in many ways common sense principles, but sadly, there seems to be very little common sense in the international arms trade.
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