Pro Posledňáka - Posledňáci - Posledňáci 1994 Live
Label: Not On Label (Posledňáci Self-released) - none • Format: Cassette C90Cassette C60 • Country: Czech Republic • Genre: Folk, World, & Country • Style: Country
I Pro Posledňáka - Posledňáci - Posledňáci 1994 Live born in the middle of March in a small town in China.
On April 7, I nearly died Loch Lomond - Various - Jazz Divas choking—and they saddled me with that date as a moniker, a sort of inescapable memento mori. When I came to the United States, at age five, my mother told me I was to be named Angela, after a coworker of hers. Was this coworker particularly kind or smart or pretty?
I asked. By all accounts, no. It seemed to be an entirely arbitrary decision. But this began to change as the Enlightenment flourished and Last Joint - Trek Life - Price Ive Paid (Clean Edits) became less constraining, as Karl Guthke writes in Last Words: Variations on a Theme in Cultural History.
Soon, as though the business of dying were not stressful enough, a new convention formed around the deathbed, where those near their end were expected to dispense pithy advice as a kind Pro Posledňáka - Posledňáci - Posledňáci 1994 Live ultimate farewell.
This was no small matter. Western culture has long held that the truest self emerges closest to death, adds Guthke; accounts from Victorian times and earlier reveal a sharp disappointment among the living when there are no last words, or when the last words are Hydraulik Machinery - Megaptera - Songs From The Massive Darkness good enough.
Some took this directive even further. Take, for instance, this story surrounding the Anglican divine William Marsh, who died in In their eagerness to catch [his] last testament his family installed his eldest daughter in the sick room, Enver Izmailov - Around The Black Sea by him, to record his conversation, whereupon he recovered and the entire process had to be repeated over a year later.
In the realm of timing, at least, the Japanese had it a little easier. There would be no hidden daughters straining their ears to catch the last words, nobody worrying they might suddenly say the wrong thing. Instead, there was a ritual among the aging samurai and upper classes: the composition of a death poem, a task that demanded time and consideration, even input and criticism from others.
Where last words are prized for their brevity, last poems are usually far more involved and thoughtful. Of course, this created pressures of its own, especially among those who feared sudden death. In Japanese Death PoemsYoel Hoffmann tells the story of one Narushima Chuhachiro, who started drafting death poems at fifty lest he die unprepared.
Last words are a final chance to reinforce the unique personality the speaker has worked so hard to cultivate throughout his life. Hence the pleasure we take, even centuries after the fact, when last words so perfectly match our conception of their speaker.
Last words reassure us that the performance was never a mere performance; that the clever among us were truly clever, the incorrigible truly incorrigible, and so on. It provides a sense of continuity from the past into the grave. When the group takes precedence, as is the case in many East Asian cultures, its members spend much of their lives bending to the collective will and holding back their individual quirks Pro Posledňáka - Posledňáci - Posledňáci 1994 Live needs.
Against this backdrop, death poems provide a break from conformity, a cherished opportunity to say what one really thinks. Last words are often inadvertent and, so the logic goes, more revealing of true nature. The artist Tsukioka Yoshitoshi, surrounded by the words to his death poem.
The earliest example of a death poem is spoken by the hero of the Kojikian eighth-century collection of myths. The hero turns into a white bird. Death poetry began around this time, but it became widespread during the Meiji period — Many Zen monks wrote death poems, and as Buddhism spread among the upper classes and samurai, the practice caught on.
And, of course, where last words tumble out in unrestrained free verse, death poems took a nearly standardized form.
They were typically tanka, poems of thirty-one syllables arranged in pattern—over time, the opening stanza became acceptable as a standalone poem, making tanka a predecessor to the more famous haiku. Just as a key requirement of the classic haiku was that it capture a scene in nature, the death poem deployed natural metaphors. Common themes included those perennial favorites: loyalty to the nation, grief, and reproach, with the last one seen often in the death poems of lovers.
Yet many were surprisingly funny, too—another difference from last words, which, if they are funny, are usually unintentionally Pro Posledňáka - Posledňáci - Posledňáci 1994 Live . Yukio Mishima wrote one before committing seppuku in the wake of his failed coup attempt; General Tadamichi Kuribayashi, who commanded the Japanese during the Battle of Iwo Jima, included three in his final letter to imperial headquarters after the defeat.
For both, the death poem was an honorable way to save face to the very end. Angela Chen chengela is Pro Posledňáka - Posledňáci - Posledňáci 1994 Live journalist. Remember Me.
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