Marche Funèbre: Lento - Chopin* - Evgeny Kissin* - 24 Preludes Op. 28 / Sonata No. 2, Op. 35 / Polon
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The first of the composer's three mature sonatas the others being the Piano Sonata No. The third movement of the Piano Sonata No. The Piano Sonata No. A typical performance of Chopin's second sonata lasts between 21 and 25 minutes, depending on Jus Dance - Solid Groove - Jus Dance the repetition of the first movement's exposition is observed.
While the Piano Sonata No. Robert Schumannamong other critics, argued that the work was structurally inferior and that Chopin "could not quite handle sonata form", a criticism that did not withstand time. The work has been recorded by numerous pianists and is regularly programmed in concerts and piano competitions.
While the sonatas of Beethoven and Mozart comprised a considerable portion of their Victims Of A Bombraid - Various - Skitliv! output, this is not true of the next generation of composers: Franz Liszt only wrote two sonatas among his dozens of instrumental compositions, Robert Schumann seven eight if including the Fantasie in COp.
Besides the Piano Sonata No. The compositional origins of the Piano Sonata No. In a letter on 8 Augustaddressed to Fontana, Chopin wrote:. I am writing here a Sonata in B flat minor which will contain my March which you already know. There is an Allegro, then a Scherzo in E flat minor, the March and a short Finale about three pages of my manuscript-paper. The left hand and the right hand gossip in unison after the March.
My father has written to say that my old sonata [in C minor, Op. Including the ones in your hands I now have six manuscripts. I'll see the publishers damned before they get them for nothing. The sonata comprises four movements :. In the beginning of the developmentall of the themes introduced in the exposition appear.
In the climax of the development, Chopin combines three elements at once: the motifs from the Grave introduction and the main theme in the bass and treble respectively, with crotchet triplets in the middle.
The movement is closed with a brilliant  bar coda, marked stretto and ending in three B-flat major chords marked fff fortississimo. When the sonata was published in in the usual three cities of ParisLeipzigand London the London and Paris editions indicated the repeat of the exposition as starting at the very beginning of the movement at the Grave section. However, the Leipzig edition designed the repeat as beginning at the Doppio movimento section. Charles Rosen argues that the repeat of the exposition in the manner perpetrated by the Leipzig edition is a serious error, saying it is "musically impossible" as it interrupts the D-flat major cadence which ends the exposition with the B-flat minor accompanimental figure.
Mikuli was a student of Chopin from — and also observed lessons Chopin gave to other students — including those where this sonata was taught — and took extensive notes.
Most commercial recordings exclude the Grave from the repetition of the exposition, including those of Vladimir AshkenazyMurray PerahiaMaurizio PolliniMartha Argerichand Li Yundi ; however, the recordings of Mitsuko Uchida and Yulianna Avdeevaamong others, begin the repetition from the Grave. Anatole Leikin suggests that the absence of the tempo indication can be explained by the close similarities of this movement and the closing Woe And Alas - Kayak - Alibi of the first movement, including the prevalence of repeated octaves and chords in both movements, and the identical cadential phrases.
Therefore, the absence of a tempo indication may suggest that there is no new tempo, but instead a mere change of notation from triplets to triple metre.
However, unlike Beethoven, whose scherzos are transformed minuetsthis scherzo has many defining rhythmic characteristics that make it a transformed mazurka instead.
The tempo designation, Lentowas not added until after the sonata's publication in This melodic device was also used as the backbone for the main theme of the preceding Scherzo movement and part of the coda of the opening movement.
It has been widely arranged for other instrumentations, most notably for orchestra. It was also transcribed for large orchestra by the conductor Leopold Stokowski ; this version was recorded for the first time by Matthias Bamert.
Now concerning [Christian Rudolf Wessel], he is an ass and a cheater In this movement, "a complicated chromaticism is worked out in implied three- and four-part harmony entirely by means of one doubled monophonic line";  very similarly, the 5 measures that begin Bach 's Fugue in A minor BWV imply a four-part harmony through Marche Funèbre: Lento - Chopin* - Evgeny Kissin* - 24 Preludes Op.
28 / Sonata No. 2 The Dancer (Glenn Underground Remix) - Ben Vedren - Arcade Mix monophonic line. Chopin, who wrote pedal indications very frequently, did not write any in the Finale except for the very last bar.
Although Moritz Rosenthal a pupil of Liszt and Mikuli claimed that the movement should not be played with any pedal except where indicated in the last measure, Rosen believed that the "effect of wind over the graves", as Anton Rubinstein described this movement, "is generally achieved with a heavy wash of pedal".
A frequently repeated motif of Bach's Prelude is noticeably similar to the main theme of the first movement of Chopin's sonata; in addition, similarly to the Finale of Chopin's sonata, the Prelude is a perpetuum mobile with four groups of quaver triplets per bar.
Although the Piano Sonata No. It was not until the turn of the century that the sonatas were performed more often. The first major criticism, by Robert Schumannappeared in He described the sonata Deliver Me - Sarah Brightman - One Night In Eden Live In Concert (DVD) "four of [his] maddest children under the same roof" and found the title "Sonata" capricious and slightly presumptuous.
Schumann said that the movement "seems more like a mockery than any [sort of] music",  and when Felix Mendelssohn was asked for an opinion of it, he commented, "Oh, I abhor it". The development of the La Banda De Tommy - Tommy Olivencia Y Su Orquesta - A Toda Maquina Con La Banda De Tommy movement contains a complex network of leitmotifs that Richard Wagner would similarly bring to fruition in his work Der Ring des Nibelungen popularly known as Marche Funèbre: Lento - Chopin* - Evgeny Kissin* - 24 Preludes Op.
28 / Sonata No. 2 Ring Cycle. While explaining to his friends why he decided on a new version, Rachmaninoff said: "I look at my early works and see how much there is that is superfluous. Even in this sonata so many voices are moving simultaneously, and it is too long.
Chopin's Sonata lasts nineteen minutes, and all has been said". Several highly acclaimed editions are available of Marche Funèbre: Lento - Chopin* - Evgeny Kissin* - 24 Preludes Op. 28 / Sonata No. 2 Piano Sonata No. Two of the earliest commercial recordings of Marche Funèbre: Lento - Chopin* - Evgeny Kissin* - 24 Preludes Op. 28 / Sonata No. 2 work were made by Percy Grainger and Sergei Rachmaninoff in and respectively.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Piano Sonata No. Grave, Doppio movimento. Marche funebre, Lento. Finale, Presto. Fryderyk Chopin Institute. Retrieved 2 July Retrieved 7 July Retrieved 13 July The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 7 December Kennedy Presidential Library. Henle Verlag. Retrieved 8 July Paderewski, Ignacy Jan ed. Sonatas: Chopin Complete Works Vol.
Retrieved 6 Marche Funèbre: Lento - Chopin* - Evgeny Kissin* - 24 Preludes Op. 28 / Sonata No. 2 Retrieved 15 August Boczkowska, Ewelina In Samson, Jim ed. The Cambridge Companion to Chopin.
Cambridge Companions to Music. Cambridge University Press. Chopin, Frederic 1 January Ekier, Jan ed. Sonatas, Op. X Bilingual ed. PWM Edition. Hadden, James Cuthbert Hedley, Arthur Selected Correspondence Of Fryderyk Chopin. Universal Digital Library. Huneker, James Chopin: The Man and His Music.
Scribner's Sons. Complete works for the piano. By Mikuli, Karol. Jonson, George Charles Ashton A Handbook to Chopin's Works. Kallberg, Jeffrey Karasowski, Maurycy Kelley, Edgar Stillman Kramer, Lawrence Spring Journal of the American Musicological Society. Leikin, Anatole The Musical Quarterly. Leikin, Anatole 8 December Liszt, Franz Life of Chopin. McCutcheon, Mark A.
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